- THIRTY YEARS' WAR
- the name given to a series of wars arising out of one another in Germany during 1618-48; was first a war of Catholics against Protestants, but in its later stages developed into a struggle for supremacy in Europe. On the Catholic side were Austria, various German Catholic princes, and Spain, to whom were opposed successively Bohemia, Hungary, Denmark, Sweden, and France; originated in Bohemia, where the Protestants were goaded to revolt against the intolerance of the empire, Moravians and Hungarians came to their assistance, but the imperial forces were too powerful and the rising was suppressed, only to be renewed in 1624, when Denmark espoused the Protestant cause, but struggled vainly against Catholic armies under Wallenstein and Tilly. The tactless oppression of the Emperor Ferdinand again fanned into flame the fires of rebellion; Swedish armies now came to the assistance of the Protestants, and under Gustavus Adolphus waged successful war against the emperor, but the death of Gustavus at Lützen (1632) turned the tide in favour of the imperial forces; the German Protestant prince made a disadvantageous peace in 1635, but Sweden, now joined by France, continued the struggle against the Austrian empire. Turenne and Condé became the heroes of the war, and a series of decisive victories rolled back the imperial armies, and by 1848 were converging upon Austria, when diplomacy brought the war to an end by the Peace of Westphalia, the chief gains of which were the securing of religious tolerance and the recognition of the independence of Switzerland and the United Provinces.
The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. James Wood. 1907.
Look at other dictionaries:
Thirty Years War — • Though pre eminently a German war, was also of great importance for the history of the whole of Europe Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Thirty Years' War — Thirty Years War, the a European war fought mainly in Germany between 1618 and 1648. It led to the Habsburgs and the Holy Roman Empire losing power in Europe … Dictionary of contemporary English
Thirty Years' War — n. a series of European wars (1618 48) on political and religious issues, fought orig. between German Catholics and German Protestants, but later involving the Swedish, French, and Spanish … English World dictionary
Thirty Years' War — For other uses, see Thirty Years War (disambiguation). 30 Years War Les Grandes Misères de … Wikipedia
Thirty Years' War — the war, often regarded as a series of wars (1618 48), in central Europe, initially involving a conflict between German Protestants and Catholics and later including political rivalries with France, Sweden, and Denmark opposing the Holy Roman… … Universalium
Thirty Years' War — The Thirty Years War was a religious political conflict that began in 1618 and ended in 1648 with the Treaty of Westphalia. its causes were essentially the antagonism between Protestants and Catholics and the unrest that developed in Europe… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Thirty Years’ War — (1618–1648) Though a conflict of vast scale throughout the European continent, the focus of the Thirty Years’ War was on issues peculiar to the Habsburg lands and Germany, where the Habsburgs acted as emperors. The Reformation had brought… … Historical dictionary of Austria
Thirty Years' War — noun a series of conflicts (1618 1648) between Protestants and Catholics starting in Germany and spreading until France and Denmark and Sweden were opposing the Holy Roman Empire and Spain • Instance Hypernyms: ↑war, ↑warfare • Part Meronyms:… … Useful english dictionary
Thirty Years' War — series of wars which were fought from 1618 to 1648 and involved several European countries (Germany, France, Sweden and Denmark) … English contemporary dictionary
Thirty Years' War — Тридцатилетняя война … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов